Words of the Year around the world for 2018
Every year at Macquarie Dictionary HQ, we gather a few key people together to review all the new words from the previous 12 months, longlist them, narrow them down even further and decide on a single word that represents the year gone by, also known as our Word of the Year.
We draw these words from a pool that has been selected, researched and added to the Macquarie Dictionary during the year. This means all our candidates are bona fide new words. Unlike other dictionaries, we don't look at words that may have re-entered common usage, but only select from new words and definitions that have been coined throughout the year gone by. So, rather than a word that may have re-entered common dialogue, we choose from new words or definitions that have been coined throughout the year.
We will be announcing our Word of the Year in January 2019, but other dictionaries have already starting naming their words that define 2018.
- The Collins Dictionary Word of the Year is single-use. Other notable words were plogging and whitewash, both of which have featured in Macquarie Dictionary's words to watch blog series. Plogging in June this year, and whitewash back in 2016. According to Collins:
[Single-use] has seen a four-fold increase since 2013, with news stories and images such as those seen in the BBC’s Blue Planet II steeply raising public awareness of the issue.
- The Word of the Year from dictionary.com is misinformation. Runners-up were self-made, representation and backlash. On the selection of this word and its involvement with social media, they had this to say:
While the word misinformation has been around since the late 1500s, the nature of how information spreads has gone through drastic transformations over the last decade with the rise of social media. For most individuals on social media, fact-checking is an afterthought, if it is a thought at all, and misinformation thrives.
- The Oxford Dictionary Word of the Year 2018 is toxic. Other words on their shortlist included gaslighting, which we added in 2017, incel and big dick energy. From the Oxford Dictionary site:
In 2018, toxic added many strings to its poisoned bow becoming an intoxicating descriptor for the year’s most talked about topics. It is the sheer scope of its application, as found by our research, that made toxic the stand-out choice for the Word of the Year title.
- The Australian National Dictionary Centre (ANDC) has named Canberra bubble as their word of the year for 2018. Other words on their shortlist included blockchain, bag rage and another word popularised by PM Scott Morrison, fair dinkum power. From the ANDC blog:
[Canberra bubble] can be compared to the US political slogan drain the swamp, used to invoke the idea of dealing with people who are said to be preoccupied with playing politics rather than dealing with ‘real-life’ issues. There is some recent evidence of the slogan drain the billabong – an Australian variant – being used by the right wing of Australian politics. In addition, Canberra bubble also fits into a longer history of Canberra-bashingthat relates to Canberra as the home of federal parliament and bureaucracy.
- Over at Merriam-Webster, their word of the year is justice. Other notable words include pansexual, nationalism and two words that spiked after deaths, respect for Aretha Franklin and excelsior for Stan Lee. From the Merriam-Webster website:
Our Word of the Year for 2018 is justice. It was a top lookup throughout the year at Merriam-Webster.com, with the entry being consulted 74% more than in 2017.
- Cambridge Dictionary has announced its People's Word of 2018 as nomophobia. They take votes from around the world and select a shortlist and winner from the results. The shortlist this year included gender-gap and ecocide as well as the winning nomophobia. On the winner, they had this to say:
Your choice, nomophobia, tells us that people around the world probably experience this type of anxiety enough that you recognized it needed a name! Like many modern coinages, nomophobia is what’s called a blend: a new word made up of syllables from two or more words, in this case ‘no mobile phone phobia.’
- And The American Dialect Society has announced its word of the year as tender-age shelter. There are a number of interesting words in their shortlist as well, including himpathy and single-use. On the choice, Ben Zimmer, chair of the American Dialect Society’s New Words Committee had this to say:
“The use of highly euphemistic language to paper over the human effects of family separation was an indication of how words in 2018 could be weaponized for political necessity,” Zimmer said. “But the bureaucratic phrasing ended up backfiring, as reports of the term served to galvanize opposition to the administration’s border policy.”