← Back

stock
/stɒk/ (say stok)

noun 1.  an aggregate of goods kept on hand by a merchant, business firm, manufacturer, etc., for the supply of customers.

2.  a quantity of something accumulated, as for future use: a stock of provisions.

3. livestock.

4. dead stock.

5. Horticulture
a.  a stem, tree, or plant that furnishes slips or cuttings; a stock plant.
b.  a stem in which a graft is inserted and which is its support.

6.  the trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant, as distinguished from roots and branches.

7. rootstock.

8.  the type from which a group of animals or plants has been derived.

9.  a breed, variety, or other related group of animals or plants.

10.  the person from whom a given line of descent is derived; the original progenitor.

11.  a line of descent; a people or ethnic group.

12. Ethnology a major division of humankind.

13.  a group of languages having certain features in common and considered to be ultimately related.

14. Zoology a compound organism.

15.  the handle of a whip, etc.

16. Firearms
a.  the wooden or metal piece to which the barrel and mechanism of a rifle or like firearm are attached.
b.  a part of an automatic weapon, as a machine gun, similar in position or function.

17.  the stump of a tree left standing.

18.  a log or block of wood.

19.  a dull or stupid person.

20.  something lifeless or senseless.

21.  the main upright part of anything, especially a supporting structure.

22. ski pole (def. 1).

23. (plural) an instrument of punishment (no longer in use), consisting of a framework with holes for the ankles and (sometimes) the wrists of an offender exposed to public derision.

24. (plural) a frame in which a horse or other animal is secured in a standing position for shoeing or for a veterinary operation.

25. (plural) the frame on which a boat rests while under construction.

26.  a tool for holding dies used in cutting screw threads on a rod.

27.  the piece of metal or wood which constitutes the body of a carpenter's plane.

28. Building Trades the base plate of the timber mould on which bricks are formed.

29.  the raw material from which anything is made: paper stock.

30. Cookery the liquor or broth prepared by boiling meat, fish, vegetables, etc., used especially as a foundation for soups and sauces.

31.  any of various widely cultivated plants of the genus Matthiola, especially M. incana and the nightscented stock, M. bicornis.

32.  a collar or cravat fitting like a band about the neck.

33. Cards that portion of a pack of cards which, in certain games, is not dealt out to the players, but is left on the table, to be drawn from as occasion requires.

34. Theatre the repertoire of pieces produced by a stock company.

35. Finance
a.  the capital of a company converted from fully paid shares.
b.  the shares of a particular company.
c. capital stock.

36. Obsolete a stocking.

37.  repute; standing.

38.  the part of a plough to which the irons, handles, etc., are attached.

adjective 39.  kept regularly on hand, as for use or sale; staple; standard: stock articles.

40.  having as one's job the care of a concern's goods: a stock clerk.

41.  of the common or ordinary type; in common use: a stock argument.

42.  commonplace: a stock remark.

43.  designating or relating to livestock raising: stock farming.

44. Commerce of or relating to the stock of a company.

45. Theatre
a.  relating to repertory plays or pieces, or to a stock company.
b.  appearing together in a repertoire, as a company.
c.  forming part of a repertoire, as a play.

verb (t) 46.  to furnish with a stock or supply.

47.  to furnish with stock, as a farm with horses, cattle, etc.

48.  to lay up in store, as for future use.

49.  to fasten to or provide with a stock, as a rifle, plough, bell, anchor, etc.

50. Obsolete to put in the stocks as a punishment.

phrase 51. in stock, available for use or sale.

52. on the stocks, under construction; in preparation.

53. out of stock, not available for use or sale.

54. stock up, to lay in a stock of something.

55. take (or put) stock in, Chiefly US to put confidence in; trust; believe.

56. take stock,
a.  to make an inventory of stock on hand.
b.  to make an appraisal of resources, prospects, etc.: *Ma said I should take stock of my possibilities and banish all silly delusions. –miles franklin, 1946.

[Middle English; Old English stoc(c) a log, stump, post]